Differences between turbocharger and supercharger

Oct 25, 2013

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Turbocharger

      As we know , turbocharger is a turbine driven forced induction device used to allow more power to be produced by an engine of a given size. A turbocharged engine can be more powerful and efficient than a naturally aspirated engine because the turbine forces more air, and proportionately more fuel, into the combustion chamber than atmospheric pressure alone . On the other hand , turbos are commonly used on truck, car, train, aircraft, and construction equipment engines. Turbos are popularly used with Otto cycle and Diesel cycle internal combustion engines. They have also been found useful in automotive fuel cells .

Differences between turbocharger and supercharger

      Comparing with the superchargers , turbocharger have a longer response time . The reason is that exhaust needs to accumulate before the engine receives more power . However , the superchargers deliver extra power to the engine as long as it is running . If the belt is moving, the power is increased, and the belt moves whenever the engine is on.
      Turbochargers and superchargers are both add-ons for car engines that increase their power by increasing air pressure. By forcing more air into each combustion cycle, the resulting combustion is more powerful, thus making the engine more powerful due to the increased force from each piston's firing.
      The key difference between a turbocharger and a supercharger is where the air comes from. A turbocharger is connected to the exhaust  system. It uses the exhaust gases to spin a fan that puts air into the cylinders and increases each combustion's power. A supercharger, on the other hand, is belt-driven. It uses some of the car's energy to move a belt that sucks air into the engine.